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WW2 Boeing B-29 Superfortress long range nuclear and conventional heavy bomber
The Superfortress B-29 bomber was the plane used to drop the world’s first atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, Aug. 6 and 9, 1945 in the Enola Gay B29 Superfortress. It was designed in 1940 as a replacement for the B-17 Flying Fortress and B-24 Liberator. It was mainly used in the Pacific war zone as the very long range capacity enabled it to reach targets across the Pacific Ocean in Japan. It was a technological leap from other bomber designs. The B-29 Superfortress was pressurized for high altitudes and had remotely-controlled gun turrets. It had four supercharged Wright R-3350-23 engines which gave it the range to carry large bomb loads over the Pacific Ocean. The B-29 Superfortress entered operational service with the AAF in mid-1944 and had an effective range of 3,250 miles. Airfields had to be lengthened because of the long take off required by the B-29 Super fortress.
Operation MATTERHORN was the name given to the AAF 20th Air Force India-based B-29 Superfortresses job of bombing Japan from forward bases in China. As Island Hopping allied forces made advances in the South Pacific the Twentieth Air Force moved it’s B-29 operations to nearer bases in the Marianas Islands and then from the islands of Saipan, Guam and Tinian. During the brief span of 16 months 28,000 combat sorties against Japan were flown.
The B-29 was SAC’s first post WW2 Cold War aircraft 60 Superfortresses had been modified to carry the atomic bomb by the end of 1948. In 1950 B 29 Superfortresses were used for conventional bombing operations in North Korea. It was gradually replaced by the jet engined B-52 Stratofortresses bomber from 1955 onwards.
There are many International Air Tattoos and air shows like the one at Fairford Air Base, Duxford, Farnborough, Biggin Hill, Cosford, Eastbourne AirShow, Abingdon UK air show, Boscombe Down UK air shows, Greenham Common, Mildenhall air fete where you can have fun with all the family looking at static aviation displays as well as the acrobatics in the air. You can see many of these planes, Supermarine spitfire, tornado, battle of Britain fighters, warbirds, vulcan,, Lancaster, lightning, mosquito, Eurofighter, VC10, DC10 Shackleton, jaguar, typhoon, sabre, super sabre, delta dart, talon, phantom, falcon, thunderbirds, eagle. Learjet, lockheed, Douglas, McDonnell Douglas F-15A Eagle, McDonnell Douglas AV-8B Harrier II USMC, Vought F4U-5NL Nite-Corsair, McDonnell Douglas A-4F Skyhawk USMC, Lockheed HC-130H Hercules, Lockheed P-38J Lightning, Curtiss P-40E Warhawk. North American P-51D Mustang, Republic P-47B/D Thunderbolt Razorback, Bell P-39D Airacobra , Northrop P-61B Black widow, Martin B-26B/C Marauder, North American B-25B/C Mitchell, B-24J Liberator, Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress, Boeing B-29 Superfortress, Zero, Hawker Hurricane, Junkers Ju 52, Messerschmitt Me 110C, Messerschmitt Bf 109E, Focke Wulf Fw 190A, Panavia Tornado RAF, Grumman A-6A Intruder, Grumman F-14A Tomcat, Douglas F-18A Hornet USN, Lockheed S-3B Viking, Grumman E-2C Hawkeye, Lockheed C-130H Hercules, Lockheed C-5A/B Galaxy to name but a few
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